Rachycentron canadum is a migratory pelagic species widely distributed in subtropical, tropical, and temperate areas, except for the central and eastern Pacific. Several biological attributes make R. canadum a strong candidate for aquaculture, such as rapid growth, high fillet quality, and high market price. However, many aspects of welfare in rearing conditions have not been addressed yet. In order to optimise fish welfare of this species, improvements in current harvesting practices are needed to meet depth range needs, reproduction without manipulation, aggregation, aggression, and stress reduction.