Epinephelus malabaricus is a highly valued fish in Asian markets, farmed commercially in ponds and net cages. Its great potential comes from easy rearing, fast growth to commercial size, and excellent texture and flavour of its flesh. There are no FAO aquaculture statistics referring to E. malabaricus, and in general there is limited information on current farming conditions making it difficult to assess this species' potential in aquaculture. Several biological aspects such as reproduction without manipulation, sensitivity to handling, and humane slaughter are limiting welfare.